Guarana is a climbing wooden creeper that grows up to 12 meters high. The leaves are green, licorice and oval in shape. Flowers are tiny and have a white or greenish color. They grow up in grapes. The fruit is a small, red capsule of deep red color. In the middle there is a black grain covered with a fleshy peel. Its appearance resembles a blue eye. Legend says that the Indian child was killed by a snake and his eyes gave birth to fetuses. Guarana grows in South America, specifically in Venezuela, Brazil and Uruguay along the Amazon River. At present, it is grown on huge plantations, but 80% of the harvest is made of wild trees in the middle of the Amazon jungle.
History of Guarana
The legend says that this plant has the blessing and power of the divine being. This plant has been discovered by indigenous Indians, and for centuries they have known its beneficial power. They were preparing different medicines, foods or drinks, and played an important role in their cultures. The name of guarana is derived from the Indian Guarani tribe who lived in Brazil and believed that her power was magical and helped them find the lost strength.
For Europe, the Guaranu Jesuit missionary Joao Felipe Bettendorf, who was operating in the Maues River, discovered a guarantor. At the end of the 17th century, he gave his first written report on this plant, describing the original inhabitants of the Amazon jungles and their unprecedented vitality. These Indians, living on the banks of the river, justified their physical and mental resilience to the regular use of guarana. Bettendorf himself tested himself and gave them the truth.
For the first time, the guarana was explored in 1700 by the botanist Theodore von Martius, who isolated the white crystalline substance and named it Guaranin and later renamed caffeine. In 1940, Guarani began to research European scientists who found guarana to aid in headaches, fever, convulsions and acting as an energy tonic. Animal tests in 1998 have shown that guarana is nontoxic even at higher doses. While Indians enjoyed almost all the health problems of the Guarani, Western medicine is still on their way, and ongoing tests slowly but surely show that the Indians have given us a real treasure. A year later, it was confirmed that guarana helps to reduce headaches, migraine and rheumatism.
What Guarana contains
The main ingredient is caffeine. Guarana contains up to 4 times more caffeine than coffee beans. It also contains tannins, vitamins A, B1, B3, C and E, minerals like calcium, magnesium, potassium phosphorus, trace elements such as selenium and strontium and amino acids.
What Guarana is used for
Guarana was highly prized for its healing effects as well as for artwork. Fruits have traditionally produced rings, necklaces, earrings, various amulets, figurines of men, women and animals, or even groups of the whole village. European immigrants like to decorate their houses and cottages with guarana fruits. Since the 1980s, the popularity of the guarana has grown steadily and is now one of the most popular plants in South America. In Brazil, it is called a national drink and Brazilian laborers drink this drink daily to be able and strong in their hard work.